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Cuba

Quick facts

filter_center_focus Capital Havana
translate Language Spanish
wc Population 11346000
filter_hdr Land Area 110860
blur_on Density 102.3
person President of the Council of State: Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez
person

Estimated population

Estimated population graph

UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs

This data was obtained from the 2012 Revision of the World Population Prospects, which is a set of global demographic estimates and projections undertaken by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. Estimates are for the total population as of 1 July of the year indicated, and may be rounded to the nearest thousand.

Economic overview

The Cuban economy grew by 3.0% in 2013; below the government’s forecast at the beginning of the year and identical to the 2012 figure. This outcome reflects a context of slower growth across most of Europe, which accounts for a significant proportion of the country’s tourist arrivals.

Falling nickel prices also caused a dip in external revenue, which tightened the external constraints on growth, exacerbating the effects of the economic, commercial and financial embargo, which remains in force. On the domestic front, GDP growth was held back by a rate of investment that remains far less than envisaged by the government, and which despite rising to 8%, is nonetheless insufficient to counteract Cuba’s technological obsolescence. (Preliminary Overview of the Economies of Latin America and the Caribbean 2013)