Women in higher education: has the female advantage put an end to gender inequalities?
In this report, UNESCO IESALC reviews some available global data on the topic of women in higher education, taking into account developments in women’s participation in HE, and in this way contributes its expertise to this important debate. If women constitute the majority of undergraduates, then why are they still a diminishing minority among lecturers, senior lecturers, and professors? Why are there few women researchers and published authors? If women and men receive the same type of university education necessary to attain professorship, and are expected to perform the same tasks, then why are they receiving different wages? With more women than men studying and graduating, what is preventing highly capable women from occupying half the seats at the head table? These are important questions to ponder, and included here below, is a brief analysis of a few probable reasons for this.